The human body’s Electrical energy

In 1937, Nobel Prize laureate Albert Szent-Györgyi reported that human organism responses are too fast and subtle to be simply explained by chemical reactions or nerve impulses. Also, James Oschman hypothesized that cells are connected together by a cystosketelton that connects the cytoplasm to the extracellular space up to the nucleus, and it spreads throughout the organism like a system of canals through which electrons freely flow communicating all the cells together with the genome (Living matrix hypothesis). Research later identified this cytoskeleton as transmembrane adhesion receptors made of glycoproteins known as “Integrins”. It is now proven that the cellular cytoskeleton with its connection to the extracellular matrix facial planes via the integrin receptors is the “Electrical wiring system” of the cell     

Electric energy is transmitted via the “Movement of charged particles(e.g., Electrons) that causes “Tissue heating”. Electrical current will create heat within the tissues according to their resistance to the flow of electrons; however, the body electric energy is so low to the extent that its heat is not felt (Normal body electricity is in Pico- and Nano-ampere

The extra-cellular and intra-cellular fluids, where chemical reactions occur, have a pH due to the acidic/alkaline nature of the compounds reacting with each other. In any solution, pH measures the “Voltage” (Potential difference) of that solution. Therefore, we can say that cells have a “Voltage” or “Electricity

Voltage, also known as “Electric potential”, is an invisible field of “Electricity” that surrounds objects; this field is a form of “Static electricity” that has the potential for transforming into a moving electrical current. It is measured in Volts/cm (e.g., 220-240 V)

Voltage is an invisible field like magnetism. In fact, the term Electromagnetism should be known as “Voltagemagnetism”. Voltage is NOT a characteristic of electric current (It is a static, invisible field). It's a common mistake to believe that a current has a voltage. The two halves of Electricity are "Voltage electricity" and "Current electricity

We can think of Current electricity as a “River” where water molecules are flowing in one direction; the number of charge (e.g., Water molecule) that passes within a certain point is measured in (Coulomb). When the measurement uses coulomb / second, it is called “Amperage

In contrast, we can think of voltage electricity as a “Lake”, static water. If you lift one side of the lake, the water will start to flow from the higher region (Higher potential) to the lower region (Lower potential). What have you created by lifting the lake’s bottom is a “Potential difference”; in electricity, you create a current flow within a wire by creating a potential difference in the wire from one region to another, causing electrons to flow from areas of higher potential to areas of lower potential; typically, this can be done by a battery. The potential to do work is measured in Joules / Coulomb, which is called “Voltage” 

The power (Energy flow) the electric current creates is measured in Joules / second, which is called “Watt”. The resistance of the wire where the electrons flow within is measured in “Ohm”. Ohm’s law states that: voltage pushed amperage (Current) through resistors (Volt = Ohm x Amps)

The nature of the cellular membrane electrical energy

Any cell membrane electrically works as a “Capacitor”, which is a term used to describe 2 conductors separated by an insulator. The cell membrane is a capacitor because it composed of 2 surfaces of hydrophilic heads (Polar conductor) separated by hydrophobic tail (Non-polar insulator). The cell membrane is capacitor that stores Voltage for the cell to use (Like a battery

The electrons stored in the phospholipids of the cell membrane (Which is typically have omega-3, phospholipids, & omega-6 as a composition), creating a membrane potential of (-70 mV to -100 mV). The cell itself works in a voltage of (-20 to -25 mV), which is equals in chemistry of pH 7.35 (-20 mV) and pH 7.45 (-25 mV), according to Dr. Jerry Tennant  

Cellular membrane contains voltage and work as a capacitor, but from where this voltage (Potential difference) came from in the first place? It came from the movements of charged electrolytes through the cell membrane, through what are known as “Ion pumps”. The cellular membrane is a “Semi-permeable” allowing some ions to move through it freely and some ions to move under strict restrictions. Three types of pumps are identified:

1. Passive ion channels: allow passage of ions according to their higher concentration on one side of the pump (Concentration gradient difference)  

2. Ligand/chemical-gated channels: allow passage of ions when a chemical substance (ligand) such as neurotransmitter or hormone attaches to it

3. Voltage-gated channels: allow passage of ions when a voltage (Potential difference) change occurs to the membrane (e.g., nerve conduction

The teaching of Dr. Jerry Tennant

pH correlates perfectly with cell voltage. In his book “Healing is voltage”, Dr. Jerry Tennant teaches that at a pH of zero, voltage drops to +400 mV; at a pH of 7, which is neutral, we have 0 mV; and at extreme alkaline pH of 14, we have -400 mV. At normal body pH (pH of 7.35), the cellular voltage is -20 mV. The cellular membrane has a higher voltage (Potential), ranging from -60 mV to -100 mV

If the voltage of a solution drops to the positive side it becomes an electron stealer robbing cells of their life force. Cancer, for example, occurs at +30 mV. During healing (e.g., inflammatory phase), the voltage of the cell has to be raised to -50 mV, since acute inflammation is part of healing process as pathology textbooks teach. The negative charge means that the cells are “Electron-rich”. Without electrons, healing is NOT possible. When healing is successful, the voltage drops again to -20 to -25 mV

Chronic disease occurs when voltage drops below -20 mV and/or you cannot achieve -50 mV to make new cells. Thus chronic disease can almost always be defined by having low voltage (< -20 mV), low body temperature (< -37oC), low pH (< 7.34), and occurring in conjunction with low CO2 and O2 levels

At +30 mV cells get so low in energy that they go cancerous, meaning when they literally lose their energy for life, they change in a fundamental way that leads to cancer and fungus infections. Low voltage also means that nutrients cannot cross the cell membrane and wastes cannot leave easily

A cell membrane will have accumulation of (Na+, Cl-) outside the cells with (Na+) domination, making the outer cell “Positively-charged”, and accumulation of (K+, A-) inside the cells with negative proteins macro-molecules (A-) domination, making the inner cell “Negatively-charged”. A normal cell has a “Negative” net-charge (Alkaline). The cellular voltage scale ranges from (-400 mV to +400 mV)

The average cellular membrane voltage is -70 mV, and the heart muscles have a sarcolemma voltage of -120 mV. Sports and medical electrical PEMF devices can charge the cell membrane up to -110 mV. A sick cell has a membrane voltage of -40-50 mV, while cancer cells have a membrane voltage of -20 mV. A diseased cell will have positive net charge (Acidic)

Because a healthy cell is negatively charged and a diseased cell is positively charged, then we can say that making a cell negatively-charged by supplying “Electrons” is gaining “Health”. In fact, electron donation to a cell “Neutralize” the “Positively-charged free radicals” created by the mitochondria during ATP production, reducing the oxidative stress and aging effect. The body doesn’t get well by making damaged (Acidic / positive) cells work correctly. It gets well by making new cells (Alkaline / negative) that work correctly

Because the human body is 75% water, much of the transfer of voltage occurs ionically or via fluids. It is important to realize that fluid solutions can either carry additional electrons, making them electron donors (e.g., Alkaline water, lemon juice), or remove electrons, making them electron stealers (e.g., Acidic carbonated beverage)

     Common electron donors include: green vegetables, alkaline water, earthing (Grounding), and sunshine. In contrast, common electron stealers include: processed food, carbonated beverages, acidic water (chlorinated water with fluoride), and caffeinated beverages (Coffee, tea)

The body’s electrical wiring system

Electric current is conducted normally through a conductive wire. How electricity is conducted through our bodies?? The Body’s energy delivery (Wiring) systems is composed of:

1. The perineural system: the fibrous elements around the nerves (e.g., Schwann & glial cells) are the main electron conduction system delivering voltage to the tissues, NOT the nerve axons (Nerve axons are for sending & receiving information), according to Dr. Robert O Becker. When a neuron is inflamed, it will deliver less voltage because of the edema blocking electron’s flow 

2. The fascial planes: fascia has the least electric resistance in the body and they are highly electrical conductive tissue. Fascial planes, also known as the “Acupuncture meridian system”, are another system that delivers electricity within the body. Fascia is an electrical tissue with the least impedance or resistance to the flow of electrons of any body tissue. It serves 2 functions in the body: structural support and electron conduction from place to place. Fascia is semiconductor, which allows electrons to flow in one direction ONLY.  

3. Plasma: many electrons flow ionic-ally through the blood’s plasma 

Oxygen & voltage relationship

The amount of oxygen in cells is determined by its voltage. If a cell has adequate voltage, it will also have adequate oxygen. If cellular voltage is low, the amount of oxygen in the tissues will be low. This is determined by “Bohr effect”, which states that (The amount of oxygen that will dissolve in a solution is dictated by the amount of voltage in the solution)

As the voltage of the cellular cytoplasm decreases, then hypoxia starts to appear within the cells because oxygen utilization is reduced. In some cases, hyperbaric oxygen treatments are used to increase oxygen levels in tissues. As oxygen levels rise, so does voltage. When voltage is normal, oxygen can enter cells automatically as needed. Problems resulting from continued drops in voltage include chronic pain, hypoxia, and infections

 

Selected references

1. Tennant J. Healing is voltage. The handbook. 2010; CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform; 3rd edition

http://www.amazon.com/Healing-Voltage-Handbook-Jerry-Tennant/dp/1453649166/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1439280173&sr=1-1&keywords=Healing+is+voltage.+The+handbook

2. Bartlett PN. Bioelectrochemistry. Fundamentals, Experimental Techniques and Applications. 2008; Wiley; 1 edition

http://www.amazon.com/Bioelectrochemistry-Fundamentals-Experimental-Techniques-Applications/dp/0470843640/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1439288946&sr=1-1&keywords=Bioelectrochemistry.+Fundamentals%2C+Experimental+Techniques+and+Applications

3. Nordenström BEW. Biologically Closed Electric Circuits (BCEC): Clinical experimental and theoretical evidence for an additional circulatory system. 1983; Nordic Medical Publications. Stockholm

4. Chevalier G et al. Earthing (Grounding) the Human Body Reduces Blood Viscosity - a Major Factor in Cardiovascular Disease. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2013; 19(2): 102-110

5. Morton ER. Essentials of Medical Electricity. 1916; St Louis C.V. Mosby Company; 1st edition

http://www.amazon.com/Essentials-Medical-Electricity-Primary-Source/dp/1293327670/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1439288962&sr=1-1&keywords=Essentials+of+Medical+Electricity

6. McCaig CD et al. Electrical dimensions in cell science. Journal of Cell Science 2009; 122: 4267-4276

7. pH & Voltage – You-tube lecture by Dr. Jerry Tennant

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4_8EE8a8YI